Advance the Field of Welfare Biology

Toward Welfare Biology

In 1995, Yew-Kwang Ng wrote Toward Welfare Biology: Evolutionary Economics of Animal Consciousness and Suffering. In it, he proposed a new field of study for biology and evolutionary economics. He pushed for our need to understand living things with respect to their experiences, good and bad. His paper outlines the possibilities and difficulties we face in establishing the field. Today, Nature Ethics embraces the same view that we urgently need to grow our understanding of wild animals and the welfare of ecosystems, in order to steward nature to reduce wild animal suffering.

Toward Welfare Biology: Evolutionary Economics of Animal Consciousness and Suffering